Prostate cancer can be a disease that happens in the male reproductive system. This cancer is extremely popular as probably the most reasons behind death in the states.
The prostate itself is mainly responsible for production of semen. Anatomically, the prostate gland is located in between the bladder and rectum, so sometimes in diagnosed the disease we need finger rectal examination besides PSA blood test.
Early signs of prostate cancer nearly often overlooked, since it is usually without symptoms. This can be one answer to the question why this generally found in men aged fifty years and the normally diagnosed inside the seventies. Indeed in step with the age, symptom that was not visible will be visible. a common complaint expressed by those with the disease is pain, particularly if you urinate, sometimes you will found bleeding in urination, and the actual existence of ere-ctile dysfunction.
The proper diagnosis of prostate cancer is taken through physical examination or having a blood test named PSA. This Prostate Specific Antigen, is the antigen when it within someone`s blood, the doctor will suspect him suffer the cancer. Later the suspicions of prostate specific antigen will likely be confirmed if you take a tissue biopsy.
Appropriate prostate cancer treatment for prostate cancer continues to be under debate. Treatment solutions vary, depending on the stage. In early stages may be used prostatectomy (removing of prostate) and radiation therapy. If prostate cancer has spread, hormonal manipulation can be carried out (reduce testosterone levels through removing drugs or even the testis) or chemotherapy.
1. Radical prostatectomy (removing of the prostate gland).
Often performed on stage cancer A and B. The process is long and is usually performed under general anesthesia or spinal. An incision is produced from the abdomen or perineal area, and the patient were required to undergo hospital cure for 5-7 days. Complications that may happen is impo-tence and incontinence uri. In patients who are still active love life, can be done Potency-sparing radical prostatectomy.
2. Orkiektomi (removing of the testes, castration).
Appointment of two testes have decreased testosterone levels, but this process causes physical and psychological effects that can not really tolerated from the patients. Orkiektomi is a wonderful treatment, is not going to require re-treatment, in comparison with cheaper drugs and after undergoing orkiektomi patient failed to need prostatitis treatment. Orkiektomi usually done on the cancer who had spread.
Radiation therapy used primarily to treat cancer of A, B and C. Usually if the potential risk of surgical procedures are too much, then do radiation therapy. Radiation therapy to the prostate gland can be achieved in numerous ways:
1. External radiation therapy performed in hospitals without having to undergo hospitalization. Side effects for example decreased appetite, fatigue, skin reactions (such as redness and irritation), injury or burns on the rectum, diarrhea, cystitis (bladder infection) and hematuria. External radiation treatment therapy is usually done up to 5 times / week for 6-8 weeks.
2. Transplant iodine beads, gold or iridium radioactive entirely on prostate tissue through a small incision. The main advantage of this kind of radiation treatment therapy is that radiation is directed directly to the prostate with tissue damage from the surrounding smaller.
1. Hormonal manipulation
The aim would be to reduce the quantity of testosterone. Reduction in testosterone levels are often quite effective in preventing the expansion and spread of cancer. Hormonal manipulation is principally accustomed to alleviate symptoms without curing prostate cancer, namely cancer in patients who may have been spreading.
Synthetic drug whose function resembles luteinizing hormone Releasing Hormone (LHRH), the more popular to treat advanced prostate cancer. An example may be the lupron or zoladeks.
These drugs suppress the development of stimulating the testes to testosterone (this is known as chemical castration because it has got the same result with the removing of the testes). Drugs given in the form of injections, usually every three months. Along side it effects are vomiting and nausea, flushed face, anemia, protatitis and impo-tence.
Other drugs used for hormonal treatment therapy is androgen inhibitor (eg flutamid), which function in order to avoid the attachment of testosterone on prostate cells. Along side it effects are impot-ence, liver disorders, diarrhea, and gynecomastia (enlarged breasts).
Chemotherapy is normally accustomed to treat indications of prostate cancer is resistant to hormonal therapy. Usually given a single drug or blend of several drugs to eliminate cancer cells.
Drugs that will used to treat prostate cancer is:
The side effects vary and rely on the drugs given. You must carefully look at the benefits and negative effects of both treatments to obtain the prostate cancer treatment options that suited together with you.